Cotonou Meeting 1998
Proposal for the establishment of an African Regional Network Information Centre
17 December 1998
0. Status of this Document
This proposal was adopted by a resolution at the African Regional
Conference on Internet Governance, in Cotonou, Benin, on 17
December 1998. Section 10 contains more details about the adoption
The IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) has overall
responsibility for the allocation of IP address space, but this
responsibility is in the process of being transferred to the
Address Supporting Organization of the Internet Corporation
for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). As described in RFC
2050, the IANA grants a few regional registries the authority to
allocate IP address space within their respective geographical
areas (which are of continental scope).
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and certain other organisations
that satisfy certain criteria listed in RFC 2050 obtain IP address
space from the regional registry that serves their area. In order
to encourage topological address space assignment, other
organisations should ordinarily obtain their IP address space
from their ISP.
At present, there are three regional IP registries: the RIPE NCC
(serving Europe and surrounding areas, including parts of Africa),
APNIC (serving the Asia and Pacific Rim region), and ARIN (serving
the rest of the world, including parts of Africa). All the existing
regional IP registries are funded by membership fees or fees
for services provided, or both.
This document proposes that an African regional registry called
AfriNIC be formed, along similar lines to the existing regional
registries. It is expected that African organisations that presently
obtain IP address space from RIPE or ARIN will in future obtain
IP addresss space from AfriNIC.
Such an African regional registry will allocate IP address space,
autonomous system numbers, and other identifiers that might
from time to time be appropriate, maintain databases of registry
information, make appropriate views of the databases (for
example, DNS and WHOIS) available for queries from the public
(for example, via WHOIS and DNS queries), and generally perform
the tasks expected of a registry.
2. Guiding Principles
The authors of this proposal have been guided by the following
An African regional IP address registry should operate as a neutral,
transparent, impartial, non-profit organisation, and should act in
the long term best interests of the entire community which it serves,
managing scarce resources such as IP address space in the public
trust. In particular, it will not sell address space, but will transparently
manage it according to widely supported guidelines.
In order to make good decisions about the long term best interests
of its community, and to ensure that its policies are adapted in a
timely manner to meet changing circumstances, an African regional
registry should liaise with the IANA or the ICANN Address Supporting
Organization, with other regional registries, and with any other entities
that may from time to time be appropriate.
The management of the IP address space should be under the control
and administration of those that depend upon it. Those that depend
upon IP address space are end users such as ISPs, corporate entities,
universities and individuals.
A non-profit organisation, acting as a regional registry serving the
African region, is an appropriate vehicle to allow end users to exercise
their control over allocation of IP address space in the African region.
The objectives of AfriNIC are:
To provide the service of allocating and registering Internet
resources for the purpose of enabling communications via open
system network protocols and to assist in the development and
growth of the Internet in the African region;
To assist the African community in the development of procedures,
mechanisms, and standards to efficiently allocate Internet
resources as a service to the community as a whole;
To provide educational opportunities to increase understanding
within the African community of Internet technical and policy issues;
To develop public policies and public positions in the best interest of
the Members and to seek legislative and regulatory consideration of
issues of general benefit to the Members, where and when appropriate.
4. Management Structure
AfriNIC shall be composed of the following:
Board of Trustees;
Membership will be open to any natural person or legal entity in Africa
wishing to participate in the affairs of AfriNIC. Members will pay an
annual membership fee, and must abide by the rules and regulations.
All members will be entitled to attend membership meetings, to vote
(in person, by proxy, or by appropriately authenticated postal or
electronic means) in elections (such as the election of the Board of
Trustees), and to enjoy any other Member benefits that might apply.
Membership will be optional. AfriNIC will allocate IP address space to
Members and non-Members following the same policies and guidelines
for each. Both Members and non-Members will pay appropriate fees
for services that they obtain from AfriNIC.
Wherever mention is made of Members being elected or appointed
to positions of office within AfriNIC, it shall be understood that only
natural persons may be so elected or appointed. Where a Member of
AfriNIC is a legal entity other than a natural person, then the Member
shall appoint a person as their representative to AfriNIC, and that
person shall be eligible for election or appointment in the Member's
stead, and shall be eligible to attend and vote at meetings in the
4.2. General Assembly
A General Assembly of the Members shall be empowered to amend
the Articles of Association, dissolve the association, appoint or dismiss
members of the Board of Trustees, vote on any matters that are legally
required to be voted on by the Members, and adopt the charging
scheme upon proposal from the Board of Trustees.
4.3. Board of Trustees
The Board of Trustees will have the ultimate legal responsibility for
the business affairs and financial wellbeing of AfriNIC. The Board
of Trustees will manage the affairs of AfriNIC in a manner consistent
with guidance that they receive from the Members, and consistent
with stewardship of a limited public resource. The Board of Trustees is
also expected to liaise with and seek guidance from appropriate
external entities, and to set up and seek guidance from task forces
or committees of experts, whenever appropriate.
There shall be seven voting members of the Board of Trustees, and
each shall have an equal vote. The Board of Trustees will elect a
Chairman from among themselves. One Trustee shall be an expert
appointed by the ICANN Address Supporting Organisation every year,
and need not reside within the geographical region served by AfriNIC.
The remaining six Trustees shall be elected by the Members of AfriNIC
and shall represent the following six sub-regions of Africa:
In addition, an alternate Trustee for each of the six sub-regions
shall be elected by the Members of AfriNIC. Alternate Trustees
may attend meetings but shall have a vote only if the primary
Trustee for their region is unavailable. Where feasible, the primary
and the alternate Trustee for each subregion will come from
different language groups.
Trustees will be elected to three-year terms of office, and may serve
no more then two consecutive terms.
Trustees may but need not be Members of AfriNIC. Trustees will
not be paid for their service.
The Executive Director shall act as the Secretary of the Board of
Trustees, but shall have no voting rights.
4.4. Executive Staff
The Board of Trustees shall appoint an Executive Director, who will be
responsible to the Board of Trustees for the day to day operations of
AfriNIC. The Executive Director will be an employee of AfriNIC, and will
be responsible for hiring and supervising all other employees; however,
the Board of Trustees shall have the power to approve or veto the
appointment of senior staff.
5. Legal Status of AfriNIC
AfriNIC will be registered in an appropriate jurisdiction as a
non-profit organisation. Income or dividends will not be distributed to
members, trustees or other officers.
6. Office Location
The day to day registration business of AfriNIC will be conducted out
of an office in an appropriate location chosen by the Board of Trustees.
The chosen location must offer good Internet connectivity, good
general telecommunications infrastructure, good general economic
conditions, safety for equipment and personnel, and must be in a
jurisdiction with an appropriate legal and regulatory environment.
Certain information (such as WHOIS service, DNS service, and
documents) should be mirrored in other locations, to increase
robustness and performance.
7. Funding Model
The following funding model is proposed to recover the costs incurred
by AfriNIC while performing management and administration of IP
address space. This model is based on the ARIN model, which in turn
is patterned after the RIPE and APNIC funding models. The fees are
intended to provide the funding needed to operate AfriNIC in an
effective and efficient manner and to allow AfriNIC's operations to keep
pace with demand. AfriNIC will be a non-profit entity, and the
membership, registration, and maintenance fees proposed in this
funding model are to function solely as a cost-recovery mechanism
to ensure the continued operation of AfriNIC.
It is important to note that AfriNIC will not be selling address
space, but will charge for the services of allocating address space and
maintaining databases. Entities that apply for allocation of address
space from AfriNIC must satisfy the guidelines determined from time
to time by the Board of Trustees (who will consider the advice of
appropriate external entities). Initially, the guidelines made by the
IANA and documented in RFC 2050 will be followed.
The following sources of fees are proposed as cost recovery
mechanisms for AfriNIC:
Membership fee for those interested in participating in AfriNIC;
Subscription fee for bulk registration services (for ISPs);
Registration fee for individual address space assignments;
Maintenance fee for non-contiguous non-ISP address space
Registration fee for individual address space transfers;
Registration fee for autonomous system number (ASN) allocations;
Maintenance fee for ASN allocations.
The fee model, as with all other aspects of AfriNIC's operations, will
continue to be reviewed by the Members and the Board of Trustees for
its ability to meet the operational needs of AfriNIC, and for fairness to
Members and other users of AfriNIC services. For example, if it
transpires that AfriNIC is receiving more income than necessary, then
the fees will be reduced.
A reputable international firm shall be appointed by the
General Assembly as AfriNIC's auditors.
9. Acknowledgements and Authors
Earlier versions of this proposal were prepared in the first half of 1997
by the following authors:
Alan Barrett, South Africa
Nii Quaynor, Ghana
Sana Bellamine, Tunisia
Nashwa Abdel-Baki, Egypt
The above authors used or adapted many of the words in this proposal
from various RIPE, APNIC and ARIN documents.
In 1997, useful comments were provided by the following people:
David R. Conrad
F. Jacot Guillarmod
In December 1998, some amendments were made following the
Francophone workshop hosted by the ACCT, the AIG and the UNDP.
Finally, the delegates to the African Regional Conference on Internet
Governance, held in Cotonou, Benin, 15 to 17 December 1998,
requested the following eleven authors to prepare a version for
presentation at the conference:
Thierry Amoussougbo, Benin
Alioune Badara Traore, Mali
Alan Barrett, South Africa
Kouma Cyriaque Didier, Gabon
Pierre Dandjinou, Benin
Muditha Gunatilake, Seychelles
Tarek Kamel, Egypt
Eberhard Lisse, Namibia
Samuel Nogha, Cameroon
Zakaria Ould Amar, Mauritania
Nii Quaynor, Ghana
On 17 December 1998, at a plenary session of the African Regional
Conference on Internet Governance, a few modifications were made
to the previous version of the proposal, and the proposal in its present
form was adopted. In addition, a provisional Board of Trustees was
elected and given a mandate.
10.1. Provisional Board of Trustees
The following people were elected to the Provisional Board of Trustees:
Tarek Kamel, Egypt
Zakaria Ould Amar, Mauritania (alternate)
Charles Musisi, Uganda
Ibrahim Ahmed, Djibouti (alternate)
Nii Quaynor, Ghana
Pierre Dandjinou, Benin (alternate)
Samuel Nogha, Cameroon
Kouma Cyriaque Didier, Gabon (alternate)
Alan Barrett, South Africa
Silvio Almada, Angola (alternate)
Yann Kwok Kem Yen, Mauritius
Haja Ramboasalama, Madagascar (alternate)
10.2. Mandate for the Provisional Board of Trustees
The Provisional Board of Trustees was given a mandate to do the following:
Announce the creation of AfriNIC to ICANN;
Finalise the legal documents relating to the formation of AfriNIC;
Prepare terms of reference for the choice of the host country;
Make a public call for proposals for host locations;
Select the host location;
Organise the first General Assembly of Members.
10.3. Tasks of the First General Assembly
The first General Assembly will need to perform the following tasks:
Adopt the statutes and internal regulations of AfriNIC;
Adopt an action plan for the forthcoming year;
Approve the operating budget;
Elect the Board of Trustees.