Policies that govern how Internet number resources are managed and distributed in the AFRINIC region are proposed, discussed and accepted (or rejected) by the AFRINIC community through a bottom up policy development process of consultation and consensus. Ernest Byaruhanga, AFRINIC's Policy Liaison Manager, gives us an overview of how the Policy Development Process works.
The AFRINIC community is open to anyone who is interested in Internet development in Africa regardless of their nationality, affiliation or geographical location. AFRINIC acts as the secretariat and facilitator for the AFRINIC community in the policy development process. Any member of the community (from any part of the world) can be part of the Policy Development Working Group (PDWG) - which consists of anyone that is keen on and participates to the Policy development Process through either the mailing list discussions and/or the Public Policy Meetings.
Two community elected co-Chairs guide discussions, gauge consensus and ensure that transparency is upheld. They also ensure that the PDP is followed as per the agreed process. AFRINIC staff help to facilitate the process and provide the necessary tools, such as the mailing list, coordination of the open public policy meetings and impact assessments of proposed policies.
How it Works
Have your Say
|Policy Proposal||What issues does the proposal touch on:||Who does it impact:|
|AFPUB-2017-DNS-001-DRAFT-01: Lame Delegations in AFRINIC Reverse DNS||
Attempts to speed up DNS query response times while reducing the amount of unnecessary DNS traffic by putting in place a process to monitor, report and remove nameserver records responsible for lame DNS delegations from the AFRINIC whois database and related sources. Lame delegations are usually caused by non-authoritative, unresponsive or non-existent nameservers specified for a certain in-addr.arpa or ip6.arpa domain.
|Any network operator-issued IP address space from AFRINIC (or via an AFRINIC LIR) that has gone through the process of setting up reverse DNS delegation by adding domain whois database objects in the AFRINIC whois database.|
|AFPUB-2016-GEN-002-DRAFT-01: Inbound Transfer Policy||Based on the premise that although AFRINIC still has more allocatable IPv4 space, complete exhaustion is still imminent, and without a framework for African companies to receive IP number resources from outside Africa - especially IPv4 resources - the region will be significantly disadvantaged, since the IPv4 space available in the transfer markets is still significant and could benefit companies in Africa that still want more IPv4 space than they will be able to get from AFRINIC.||African companies that intend to acquire IPv4 space (and other resources) from the transfer market outside Africa.|
|AFPUB-2016-GEN-001-DRAFT-04: Internet Number Resources review by AFRINIC||The proposal gives AFRINIC authority and a policy process to conduct random or triggered reviews (or audits) of resource utilisation by members, with authority to seize resources whose utilisation is not compliant with policy and terms of the Registration Services Agreement (RSA).||All members and their downstream networks are potentially impacted by this proposal, as any member found in breach of policy or RSA consequent to the review will automatically lose any resources issued thereby interrupting any services associated with those resources.|
|AFPUB-2017-GEN-001-DRAFT-01: Anti-Shutdown-01||Establishes a framework for AFRINIC to deny and withdraw its services to any African government that blocks open Internet access to its citizens for any reason.||The proposal potentially impacts any African government as well as other entities (private or public) that have abusiness relationship with the affected government.|
|AFPUB-2017-V4-001-DRAFT-02: Soft Landing SD||
This proposal introduces some modifications to the current soft landing policy (used to manage the distribution of IPv4 address space from the last IANA assigned /8). The changes introduced are:
These provisions are in place to promote the spirit of "soft-landing", which is equitable and fair distribution of the scarce IPv4 resource during its exhaustion.
|Any operator of an IP network is impacted, as the proposal establishes restrictions on how much IPv4 address space can be issued by AFRINIC to an organisation over a specified period of time.|
|AFPUB-2016-V4-001-DRAFT-04: IPv4 Soft Landing-BIS||
The current IPv4 Soft Landing policy (CPM 5.4) does not explicitly provide for special considerations to new seekers of IP address space, which this version attempts to correct. Most importantly, the current policy does not provide means to encourage and promote IPv6 update, an insufficiency that is well provided for in this policy proposal.
The new proposal also attempts to fix the maximum allocation value at /18, and reserves a /12 for facilitation of IPv6 deployment.
|Current AFRINIC members will be mainly affected by provisions of this proposal, especially with regards to the maximum allocation restriction. The proposal will positively impact latecomers into the IPv4 foray, as there is some supply certainty in the medium term, albeit limited.|
|AFPUB-2017-V4-002-DRAFT-01: Route Aggregation Policy||Mitigating routing table size by promoting allocation of contiguous IPv4 blocks to network operators.||AFRINIC members will be assured, wherever possible, of being allocated a contiguous block of IPv4 space.|
The proposal is a complete replacement to the current Policy Development Process - PDP (Sec 3 of the Consolidated Policy Manual) and attempts to address many of the common problems in the current PDP - such as duplication of proposals which attempt to address the same problem, having proposals with weak problem statements and proposals that are out of scope of the PDP.
Other quick highlights from the new proposed PDP are:
|The PDP is the process that determines the method to develop policies which govern how AFRINIC manages and distributes IP addresses and other number resources to network operators in Africa. Changes to this process can be far reaching, and any member and prospective member should carefully study any changes to and participate in any discussions that attempt to change the PDP.|